100-year-old newsreels

 

We inherited a year's worth of news footage recorded during the 1918/19 Revolution. The copies were seized from the lab by the Horthy police after 1919, several prosecutions were based on these images and they served as evidence in finding out about people's acts and whereabouts during the Revolution. All the Az Est Film and Vörös Riport Film reels became investigative material and ended up in the criminal archives after the cases were closed.



100 Year Old Newsreels Playlist

From August 2018 until July 2019, the 100 year old news will be available on this page. News relevant to the current week will be uploaded each week, so we suggest checking the website on a regular basis, not to mention that all videos can be embedded or shared. This is the first time for historians of the Archive to connect the news reports with their corresponding newspaper articles, which allows them to explore details no one ever could before. As most of the reels' historical background disappeared with time, the Film Archive now attempts to narrate the silent reels to (re)reveal all the forgotten stories, so we could learn why people were waiting in line on Károly körút for silk on the summer of 1918, how the city was trying to solve the housing problem, why the Baby Theatre's child star tried to kill himself and what happened to the 8 year old boy, who put his hand in the hyena cage at the zoo.

It is much more rewarding to conduct a thorough research now that past articles are available in digital form. By going through the interlinked archives we were able to define the reels' location and time, and identify people by name, which would not have been possible without the Hungarian National Film Fund and Film Archive's digital restoration program. Besides 40 known news reels, we also scanned deleted scenes of the news from never-before-seen negatives we found while rearranging the warehouse. The 2 hour unsubtitled medley will be uploaded to the Film Archive's website, as there might be others who could join the research by recognizing faces and places, and help us reveal how Hungarians lived in the past century.

High resolution footage of Miklós Horthy entering Budapest is now available

These images shot exactly 100 years ago on November 16, 1919 in Budapest are one of the most important moving image documents of 20th century Hungarian history.

July 22-28, 1919 – Final days of the dictatorship

The proletarian revolution failed on August 1, 1919 and the Republic ended. However, the last episode of Vörös Riport Film news still reported on victory and happiness.

Torma Galina

July 15-21, 1919. Before the fall

Although the Soviet Republic was close to collapsing, Vörös Riport Film's propaganda news was still trying to suggest the opposite.

Torma Galina

July 8-14, 1919. Commander-in-Chief Böhm leaves the Red Army

After accepting the Entente's order, the Red Army was forced to withdraw from most of the territories they occupied during the Northern Campaign, which had a dramatic effect on the soldiers and the officers as well.

Torma Galina

July 1-7, 1919. „This summer will be the proletariat's!”

In early July 1919 while the country's internal- and foreign policies were failing, Vörös Riport Film news started paying more attention to the working class' everydays and recreation.

Torma Galina

June 24-30, 2019. The Monitors' Revolt

By summer, people were becoming more and more disgruntled and started attacking the Soviet Republic's system on several fronts. The tension led to an armed conflict in Budapest by the end of June, made legendary by the warships' revolt on the Danube.

Barkóczi Janka

June 10-16, 1919. Battle on the front, fighting in the party

While the Governing Council was planning to celebrate the successful battle for Kassa, the Entente warned them to stop the attacks.

Barkóczi Janka – Torma Galina

May 27 - June 2, 1919. The Northern Campaign's first successful missions

The Campaign, which started on May 30, 1919 was a real success story for the Hungarian Soviet Republic and the new age of Hungarian military history. But soldiers fighting on the front would have never imagined that less than two weeks later the Governing Council would be forced to give back the territories they took.

May 20-26, 1919. „Miskolc is ours!”

On May 21, 1919 the workers-reinforced Red Army successfully recaptured Miskolc from the Czechs, which they occupied for almost three weeks.

Torma Galina

May 13-19, 1919. Inspecting the Red Army units

In 1919 mid-May, Commander-in-Chief Vilmos Böhm and Chief-of-Staff Aurél Stromfeld inspected the Eastern front fleet and units to check the reorganized Red Army.

Torma Galina

May 6-12, 1919. „We want to see nothing else but soldiers”

Hinting on ex-Defense Minister Béla Linder's infamous line („I never want to see another soldier again!”), after the May 1st crisis the Proletarian Dictatorship was heading towards the opposite direction and ditched the Károlyi-era's peaceful approach to foreign politics.

Torma Galina

April 29 - May 5, 1919. Red May

The grandiose 1919 May 1st celebrations were one of the biggest events of the decade.

Barkóczi Janka

April 22-28, 1919. Factory workers in the Red Army

On April 8, 1919 a decision was adopted, making it mandatory for all healthy ex-servicemen factory workers to join the reserve army of laborers. Inspection of the eight regiments took place on April 23 on Andrássy út.

Torma Galina

April 15-21, 1919. Propaganda, tales and mobilization a hundred years ago

While the Governing Council made several measures to help people in poverty, Romanians violated the armistice treaty and attacked Red Army troops at the Transylvanian border. The propaganda film machine was launched.

Torma Galina

April 8-14, 1919. „Everything belongs to us”

The Dictatorship of the Proletariat mourned the loss of Lóránd Eötvös, the military commissary confiscated all the country's horses for the Red Army, ordered all shops to sell their stocks and gave Margaret Island to the proletariat.

Torma Galina

April 1-7, 1919. „Erase the past once and for all…”

Pottage for derbies; audience-, cake- and name change at Gerbeaud (to Zserbó); the Pasarét brick factory's 45 meter chimney demolished and 100 year old footages of Sári Fedák recruiting for the Red Army.

Torma Galina

March 25-31, 1919. The Red Army

The Hungarian Soviet Republic's most important and urging task was to build a self-conscious, combat-worthy proletarian army to fight the invading Western capitalism.

Torma Galina

March 18-24, 1919. We enter the Dictatorship of the Proletariat

English warship in Budapest, cannons on the Danube shore at Lágymányos, launching the Hungarian Socialist Party and their first meeting at the parliament on March 23, 300 gypsy musicians play the Marseillaise, and this week's joke: the war millionaire, one of Hungary's first ever animations.

Torma Galina

March 11-17, 1919. Last hours of the Republic

In spring 1919 economic struggles united people of all professions, the news reported on the waiters' strike and a humorous animation illustrated the cabbies' walkout.

Barkóczi Janka – Torma Galina

February 25 - March 3, 1919. Visiting Szatmár

This week's most important news were about Mihály Károlyi's Szatmár visit. The videos are interlinked by French descriptions, which suggests that the surviving copy was made for guests of the French peace conference.

Barkóczi Janka

February 18-24, 1919. Land reform and illegal shoe trade

There was still tension in the country in February 1919. The traumatizing experience of war is still lingers in the public's mind, and those who are facing a difficult situation fail to see the light at the end.

Barkóczi Janka – Torma Galina

February 11-17, 1919. Late winter events

Social democratic protest against the country's territorial division, military inspection at the Czechoslovakian demarcation line with Ernő Szép, spahis shot at Perl's restaurant and cab drivers go on strike – this is how late winter looked like a century ago.

Torma Galina

January 28 - February 3, 1919. Winter joys and aches

The Normafa in 1919 winter was just as beautifully snowy as today, and while the younglings were cheerfully riding their sleighs down the mountain, serious events took place in the city: a funeral was held for Endre Ady, war veterans were fighting for fairness and new political organizations formed.

Barkóczi Janka – Torma Galina

January 14-20, 1919. Hungary awaits peace

An American peace commission visits Budapest to prepare rightful and reasonable circumstances for peace; university students protest again to keep the country's territorial integrity and Hungary launches its first air mail service. This is what happened in 1919 mid-January.

Torma Galina

December 31, 1918 - January 6, 1919. New year, same problems

The beginning of 1919 was rough. There was a lot of tension in the country and the news was flooded with reports on personal tragedies and violent offenses.

Barkóczi Janka – Torma Galina

December 24-30, 1918. Last week of 1918

The last week of December was quite eventful: we take a look at how the Revolution affected the stock market, travel to a bank protest, witness a shooting and get mesmerized by French colonial soldiers who were stationed in Budapest.

Torma Galina

December 17-23, 1918. Fight till you drop

Birth of Károlyi's Independent party, the new land reform, the Transylvanian Romanian population's union with Romania, and a boxing match to the final breath at the old House of Representatives

Torma Galina

December 10-16, 1918. Budapest a hundred years ago

100 years ago film news reported on major political changes, the career of an imaginative international scam artist, a murder that caught the excited public's attention and a football game between jockeys and referees.

Torma Galina

November 12-18, 1918. The first Hungarian Republic

On November 13, 1918, Béla Linder Minister without portfolio of the Károlyi cabinet and representatives of the Balkan Entente signed the Belgrade Armistice.

Barkóczi Janka

Film encyclopedia and chronology for the 100 year old Aster (Chrysanthemum) Revolution

EST news series reached the point for which these reels were actually preserved and became the most detailed material evidence of the first revolutionary event after 1919.

Barkóczi Janka – Torma Galina

October 22-28, 1918. The Revolution begins

Hundred years ago, the night before the Aster Revolution broke out, politicians were running around in panic and people gathered at public events to give and listen to heartfelt speeches.

Barkóczi Janka – Torma Galina

October 8-14, 1918. Calm before the storm

From October, 1918 there were fewer Az Est film news. They no longer appeared on a weekly basis, and the subjects failed to reflect the country's growing tension.

Barkóczi Janka – Torma Galina

September 24-30, 1918. A disappointing match on Üllői út

The week's most interesting report was about the opening of Gellért Bath, but we also get to witness the unveiling of a memorial, meet a member of the royal family and two popular actors.

Barkóczi Janka

September 17-23, 1918. An eventful week

The 1918 mid-September news are portraying an exhausted and tormented hinterland at the end of war. Once again, the main location is Budapest, but we also get to join the delegation of German journalist on their trip to Esztergom and Tátra.

Barkóczi Janka

September 10-16, 1918. Last moments of the Austrian-Hungarian connection

These chronicles from 1918 were mainly covering local issues, but they were also up to date on international news. Cameramen were happy to record events representing Hungary's strong international relationships, particularly with allies.

Barkóczi Janka

September 3-9, 1918: Health first!

A hundred years ago at the end of World War I, health and wellbeing became important issues for the general public, and evidently, journalists also picked up the topic.

Barkóczi Janka

August 27 – September 2. Strange Destinies

Az Est News' second edition is a perfect example on how the genre's rules were changing with time. This week we are looking at an unusual report on politics, two bizarre tabloids and an exciting sports commentary from the 100 year old footages.

Barkóczi Janka

August 20-26. From Crystal Lake to Abbazia: late summer adventures in 1918

Az Est Film's first compilation takes us back to late summer, 1918. The war was still on, but the German army collapsed on the Western front in early August.

Barkóczi Janka